Population

The population of Ukraine is about 49,8 million people, including urban population - 68% and rural population - 32%. Density of population makes 85 people per square kilometer.

Age structure (1999 est.)
Age
Male
Female
Total
0-14 years
4,690,318
4,498,239
9,188,557
15-64 years
16,136,296
17,572,011
33,708,307
65 years and over
2,251,664
4,662,646
6,914,310
Total
23,078,278
26,732,896
49,811,174



Population growth rate
-0.8%
Net migration rate
0.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population
Birth rate
9.54 births/1,000 population
Death rate
16.38 deaths/1,000 population
Total fertility rate
1.34 children born/woman


Besides Ukrainians, representatives of more than 110 ethnic groups live here. Ukrainians make 73% of population, Russians - 22%, Jews - 1%, Belarusians, Moldavians, Bulgarians, Polishes, Hungarians, Greeks and other make 4%. An additional 4 million Ukrainians live in the United States, Canada, Australia, Western and Central Europe and South America.

Leading factors in the country's low fertility and high mortality rates are environmental pollution, poor diet, widespread smoking and alcoholism, and deteriorating medical care. About 68 percent of the population lives in cities and towns. The largest cities in Ukraine are Kyiv, the country's capital and economic, cultural, and educational center; Kharkiv, noted for its engineering expertise, machinery plants, and educational institutions; Dnipropetrovs'k, a center of metallurgical and aerospace industries; and Donets'ka, known for mining and metallurgy. Odesa (Odessa), on the Black Sea coast, is the country's largest seaport.

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