Largest Ukrainian Scientific Institutions
National Academy of Sciencesof Ukraine
The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine is the highest science institution of Ukraine, uniting academy members, corresponding members and foreign members, all researchers of its institutions, and doing research in various fields of science and humanities to further integrated development of spiritual and material culture of the people of Ukraine.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) of Ukraine was set up in 1918. Its first President was V. I. Vernadsky - a world-known scholar, geologist and geochemist.
Boris. E. Paton, President of the Academy
NAS has gained a worldwide recognition as a material science center, in particular, in the areas of electric welding, special electric metallurgy, production of man-made superhard materials and instruments manufactured of them. An important stage in the Academy's activities is carrying out a set of theoretical and applied studies related to space exploration. NAS scientists have on their credit side over 90% of inventions made in Ukraine.
After Ukraine was proclaimed an independent state, the attention of economists, law scholars, sociologists has been focused on forming a market-type economy, developing theoretical foundations of structure-and- investment, innovation policy, state decrees and legal acts, on studying regularities of society social structure development.
An organizational restructuring of a number of institutions is underway. Some of them have become the bases of concerns whose component structures are legal entities and more harmoniously combine fundamental and applied research with organizing their own production of high-tech science-intensive produce and its sale to domestic and foreign users.
Every year the NAS institutes carry out R&D works at the requests of foreign scientific organizations and companies, sell licenses, their own science-intensive products: dozens of joint ventures have been set up with foreign partners to manufacture such produce both in Ukraine and abroad. Each year scores of license agreements are concluded with foreign partners by NAS institutes of Electric Welding, Problems of Material Science, Cybernetics, Physics, Physics of Semiconductors, Engineering Thermophysics, Gas, Microbiology and Virology. Among their partners are well-known research institutions and industrial companies of the USA and Japan, Great Britain and France, the Netherlands and South Korea, China, Egypt, Turkey, Iran etc.
V.M.Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics
V.M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine has gained a wide recognition in Ukraine and abroad as the scientific center specializing in developing the fundemental and application problems of cybernetics, computer engineering and informatization.
The history of the Insitute has started in 1957 with the creation of the Computer Center of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine, in 1961 the Computer Center was renamed to the Institute of Cybernetics. Over the period of 25 years the Institute was headed by the famous Soviet scientist and science organizer, academician V.M. Glushkov. In 1993 the Cybernetical Center of the National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine was created on the basis of the Institute. Today it comprises the Institute of Cybernetics, the base organization; the Institute of Problems of Mathematical Machines and Systems; the Institute of Software Systems.
The priority directions of research and development in the Institute of Cybernetics are:
- development of the general theory and methods of system analysis, mathematical simulation, optimization and artificial intelligence;
- development of the general theory of control methods for constructing intelligent control systems of various levels and purposes;
- development of the general theory of computers and promising methods of computer engineering, artificial intelligence and information sciences;
- design of promising general-purpose and application software system;
- development of new information technologies and intelligent systems;
- development of fundemental and application problems of society informatization, social, economic and production-technological structures.
Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science
Institute for Problems in Materials Science (IPMS) is Ukrainian leading center of advanced scientific and engineering services, technical consulting and contract research and development in the field of Material science and advanced technology of metal, ceramic and composite materials.
IPMS was set up in 1955 on the base of the laboratory for special alloys of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. Since then it has progressively widened its fields of application and customer base. IPMS has no analogs among academic institutions due a great variety of new developments in technological processes, materials and products on their base.
IPMS employs about 1700 people, including 70 doctors and more than 345 Ph.D., among them Members of Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, professors. IPMS is a large scientific and research complex, including Special Design Bureau with Pilot Plants, Computer Center and Laboratory for Basalt Materials Production.
All achievements in the development of new materials with their further commercial application are supported by wide basic researches in the field of solid-state physics and chemistry, inorganic physical chemistry, mechanics of deformable media.
IPMS' scientists are expanding the national activity collaborating with different companies from the U.S.A., United Kingdom, France, Germany, Yugoslavia, Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Austria, Switzerland, Mexico, India, Cuba, South Korea, Israel, Japan, China etc. IPMS sells licenses on the advanced technologies as, well as set up Joint Ventures for the production of cutting tools, wear and corrosion resistant coatings using detonation spraying technique, ceramics for electrical application, ceramic powders of high purity. Institute has set up service centers operating on the base of the detonation coating technology in Japan, China, Yugoslavia, Iran.
International Research and Training Centre (IRTC) UNESCO/IIP
The International Research and Training CENTER of UNESCO/IIP of Information Technologies and Systems was founded in 1997 with the assistance of Ukrainian Government, UNESCO, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Education Ministry of Ukraine. It carries out its activities as a part of the Cybernetics Center of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Main arias of activity developing of fundamental and applied problems related to creation of new information technologies and intelligent systems; creating of information and telecommunication technologies for science and education; training and retraining holders of master's degree and other specialists in main cybernetics and information fields to meet international and national standards requirements.
Scholars of the Center carry on active scientific developments in general theory of intelligent computer technologies and systems; complex information technologies investigations; intelligent teaching systems theory; new information technologies for biology, medicine and ecology. Based on the achieved results of fundamental research several industrial information technologies and systems of different classes aimed to problem solving in wide range areas were developed and introduced in Ukraine and abroad (in Japan, France, Germany, South Korea, China, India, Russia).
The International Center of UNESCO/IIP closely cooperates with many international organizations and establishments in the field of information processing (IFIP), automatic control and regulation (IFAC), UNESCO and MAGATE organizations and commissions, leading scientific centers and educational institutions. Studies supported by the international intergovernmental agreements (Germany, Poland, France, Russia) are running in the Center. The Center is an active participant of the international programs: Copernicus, TAP, INTAS, Eurasia, MAGATE, number of UNESCO programs.
Institute of Information Recording
The main scientific activity of the Institute:
information-computing systems for storage and processing of large quantities of data;
optical information registration - physical backgrounds, principles and methods;
information calculation network and systems using the functional survivability providing systems;
mathematical and physical-technical backgrounds of computer topography systems.
Major tasks of the Institute are as follows:
to create the National bank of Ukrainian computer data;
to create the multifunctional high-speed digital network for computerised data transmission and exchange to solve the tasks of on-line control;
to introduce a computer data distributed system - "VSE - VSIM" electronic computer newspaper;
to create the computer information databases;
to create a center for compact-disk database preparation and compact disk mass production.
Institute of Mathematical Machines and Systems
The Institute was founded in 1992 on the base of the Special Design Bureau of the Mathematical Machines and Systems of the Glushkov's Institute of Cybernetics of NAS of Ukraine (SDB MMS). From the very beginning of the 60-ies it's designs became the important stage in the development of the computer hardware and technologies.
The Main Directions of the Scientific Technical and Project-Designing ActivitiesThey are the creation of the scientific principles, the working out and implementation of the information technologies in automatized systems, computer means and their software systems into the national economy and state defence, including:
the development of the scientific principles and the implementation of the new class systems, namely, the decision-making support on the high state level for the Ukrainian Parlament, the President of Ukraine and other executive bodies for the state system construction;
the design of the new monitoring automatized systems and decision-making systems support on the probems of environment protection and nature management;
the investigation and creation of the new forms of the high productive and high intelligence computer means, including neurocomputers of general and special purpose;
the development of the scientific base for creation of systems of medical informatics including the automatized systems of the patient calculation, the monitoring systems of the population health state, mathematical models and diagnostic and treatment support systems.
Scientific works of the Institute were included in a number of international programs of the European Community Committee, INCO COPERNICUS ECC, INTAS project, grant of the Soroth Foundation and others.
Institute of Applied Information
The Institute of Applied Information, Corp. is software and consulting company. It was organized in a 1991 on the basis former "Gorsystemotechnica", Inc., which existed for want of Kiev Municipal Corporation since 1975.
The Institute carries out system integration and provides management consultancy in sphere of informatization of organizations of different property categories and company profiles and municipal offices.
The main directions of researches and development of Institute are:
Methods and toolkit for structure analysis of objects and control procedures;
Methods and systems (including, co-operative) decision making;
Methods of the analysis of financial streams;
Methods of submission and information processing on sound and video discs, and also in a web Internet;
Geographic information systems;
Methods of simulation of complicated technical, social and ecological systems;
Methods of information-analytical support of creative processes.
The Institute possesses of the updating DB on Ukraine industrial enterprises and in the first place on Kiev ones. The institute sales software products and provides scientific and technical services in realization of researches and development, and also carries out system integration and administrative consultation in the field of creation of information systems for the enterprises, organizations, establishments of any pattern of ownership and the field of activity.
Main Astronomical Observatory
The Main Astronomical Observatory (MAO) of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine was founded in July 1944 by the noted astronomer and geophysicist Alexander Orlov, ScD, member of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
The Observatory is situated in the Golosiiv forest at the southern suburb of the Ukrainian capital city - Kyiv (2h02m E, 50o21'.9 N, as high as 180 m above sea level).
The principal fields of research are:
positional astronomy and global geodynamics,
physics of the Sun and bodies of the Solar System,
physics and evolution of stars and galaxies,
space plasma physics and physics of cosmic ray,
constraction of equipment for astronomical and space research,
automation of astronomical observations and data processing.
The Observatory was involved into the various national and international programmes and projects, among them are the Compiled Catalogue of Faint Stars and Photographic Sky Survey, International Geophysical Year and International Solar Year, the Programm Comet Halley observations, studies of the principal meridional section of the Galaxy, the variations of global solar parameters, etc. The Observatory provided the ground-based astronomical support for the PHOBOS mission to Mars.
DONETSK STATE INSTITUTE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Institute was organized in 1991 on the basis of a special design bureau "Intellekt". The Institute is under the Ministry of Education and National Academy of Sciences subordination. It's a consistent part of scientific educational unity "Intellekt" together with High School, technical school, liceums, and specialized physical mathematical secondary school.
The appearance of such an institution was a result of conversion processes of the military industrial complex. Nowadays, it's a scientific research institution dealing with the fundamental theoretical and applied investigations in the field of artificial intelligence problems and adjoining fields. The research staff is more than 340 scientists. The scientific investigations are combined with the educational process. Functionally the institute is connected with some other scientific and educational institutions of Ukraine and abroad.
Basic fields of scientific activity of the Institute are:
developing of robotics systems and new generation computers;
solving general theoretical and applied problems of artificial intelligence;
computer speech and visual images processing and recognition;
designing of natural language interfaces of modern computers;
creating of intelligent robots using achievements of artificial intelligence ;
introducing of modern computer technologies into different fields of human activity, such as:
medico-biological investigations of human brain functional possibility;
education: developing of intelligent information-teaching systems and computer textbooks and manuals;
psycho-physiological investigations of human intellectual activity: designing tests for IQ level diagnostics and its quantitative evaluation.
Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering
The development of low temperature physics was initiated in the Ukraine since the Ukrainian Physico-Technical Institute (the Ukrainian abbreviation - UFTI) was established in Kharkov in 1928. It was initiated by Academician A.F. Ioffe. The scientific subjects of the Institute's cryogenic laboratory were formed in close cooperation with L.D. Landau who came to Kharkov in 1932.
The huge-grade and wide range of the Kharkov cryogenic researchers were conducive to establishment in 1960 in Kharkov of a specialized institute for low temperature physics - the Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Its first director was B.I. Verkin .
The Mathematical Division of the Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine plays the leading role in mathematical researches in Kharkov. The Departments collect most actively working mathematicians of the city, currying out high level mathematical researches in a wide range of topics of modern mathematics and mathematical physics.
National Science Center "Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology"
Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology (the KIPT, earlier referred to as Ukrainian Institute of Physics and Technology), being one of oldest and largest centers of physical science in Ukraine, was created in 1928 for the purpose of developing urgent lines of research (at that time - nuclear physics and solid-state physics).
As soon as four years later, on October 10, 1932, an outstanding result was received by A.K.Val'ter, K.D.Sinel'nikov, A.I.Lejpunsky, G.D.Latyshev, namely, the nucleus of lithium atom was caused to undergo fission.
In succeeding years in the Institute the first radar installation was constructed. The institute has pioneered high vacuum engineering in the USSR, on the basis of which subsequently a new physico-technological direction - vacuum metallurgy - was advanced. The distinctive properties of the Institute were always the combination of the fundamental approach to solving the problems with a practical orientation of work and a wide range of the studies done.
After disintegration of the USSR the Institute is actively comprised in the process of creation of research complex of Ukraine, as well as in shaping policy and corresponding institutes of Ukraine in the field of atomic industry, nuclear energy, in the determination of further fate of nuclear weapon of the Ukraine, in the development of material science, accelerator equipment and new sources of energy for demands of civil and defense branches.
During last years more than 30 projects of the International Science Foundation of G.Soros were executed by the scientists of the Center. At the present time they are fulfilled 14 projects of the Science and Technology Center of Ukraine. In the whole, more than 400 scientists carry out fundamental researches with support of various international foundations and organizations.
The basic lines of research work at the Institute are:
Solid-state Physics. Physics of radiation effects and radiation materials science. Technologies of materials.
Plasma Physics and controlled fusion.
Nuclear physics, physics of electromagnetic interactions, physics and engineering of electron accelerators.
Plasma electronics and physics of high-current beams. Physics and engineering of heavy charged particle accelerators. New methods of acceleration.
Institute for Condensed Matter Physics
The Institute for Condensed Matter Physics was founded in September, 1990 on the base of the Lviv Division of Statistical Physics of the Institute for Theoretical Physics of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
The Institute performs research in modern problems of statistical physics and condensed matter theory in the following fields:
- mathematical problems of statistical physics;
- physics of liquids, solutions and melts of electrolytes;
- soft matter physics, physics of colloids;
- phase transitions theory;
- solid state physics;
- physics of metals and alloys;
- theory of superconductivity;
- theory of nonequilibrium processes in plasmas and liquids;
- theory of magnets, ferroelectrics and disordered systems;
- computer modelling of physical processes;
- relativistic mechanics of interacting particles;
- physical and chemical processes in fuel containing masses in the conditions of Chornobyl's "Shelter".
Institute of Physics and Mechanics
Karpenko Physico-Mechanical Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine has been founded in Lviv in March 1951. It is the largest scientific institute in the western region of Ukraine.
Institute is a leading organization in Ukraine on scientific problems:
"Physico-chemical mechanics of materials"
"Protection of metals against corrosion"
"Detection and recognition of simple images"
The main directions of the scientific activity of the Institute are as follows:
investigations of the deformation and fracture processes of construction materials caused by the action of mechanical loading and working,
investigations of the thin structure of the physical fields and signals, development of the theory and methods of their analysis.