Machine-building, instrument-making and metal-working
Machine-building is the largest Ukrainian industrial sector. It accounts for over one-third of the employed and about a quarter of the total cost of industrial main assets.
Machine-building in Ukraine arose long ago. Back in the 1860s agricultural machinery was manufactured in Kyiv, Odesa, Kharkiv and other cities. Later, transport machine-building, manufacturing of equipment for mining, metallurgic and food-processing industries gained in strength. The Donbas and Prydniprovia formed into centers of mining and metallurgic machinery. In Mykolaiv and Kherson, ship building developed. Odesa, Kirovohrad and Kharkiv became centers of agricultural machine-building.
The rapid development of machine-building in the next historical period proved Ukraine’s ability to develop and manufacture complicated science-intensive and highly technological machines and equipment. Among the examples are development of the rocket and space industry, aircraft building (AN-70, AN-140, “Mria”), production of advanced tankers and large-tonnage vessles, fabrication of turbines for nuclear power plants, highly-efficient gas-pumping installations, equipment for high-voltage power transmission lines, etc.
The largest machine-building subsectors in terms of their employment are instrument-making, tractor and agricultural machinery building, electric enginering, automobile building, chemical and petrochemical engineering, and machine-tool construction. The largest heavy engineering centers are Novokramatorsk Machine-Building Plant, Kramatorsk Plant “Energomashspetsstal”, Mariupol Heavy Engineerinf Plant, Kharkiv Turbine Plant, etc. The major electric engineering facilities are concentrated in Kharkiv, Zaporizhzhya, Kyiv, Donetsk, and Dnipropetrovsk. Transport machine building, including railway transport, automobile, aircraft and ship building, is gaining momentum as a priority development sector in Ukraine. This concerns development of new generations of aircraft (AN-70 and AN-140), rocket and space industry (“Sea Start”), new types of vessels, etc. Its main centers include Zaporizhzhya, Kyiv, Kharkiv, Lviv, Dnipropetrovsk, Mykolaiv, Kherson, and Odesa. Advanced are agricultural machine-building, machine-to
ol and instrument making, automation and computer equipment fabrication.
Support provided within the national policy framework to domestic manufacturer and encouragement of the sector restructuring will condition machine-building development as a priority strategic sector, whose role is to ensure progress of other sectors of the national economy.