The Government of Ukraine recently adopted a new constitution. The process which would end in ratification by a national referendum was initiated with a draft prepared in 1992. Adoption of the constitution was delayed by various disagreements, especially those concerning the division of power and the role of the President in any constitutional order. Full Text of Constitution
Institute of Presidency
Executive power is vested in a directly elected President. A Council of Ministers (Cabinet) is headed by a Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President.
Cabinet of Ministers
The Cabinet of Ministers is, in accordance with the Constitution of Ukraine, the supreme authority in the system of executive power.
Ukraine is divided into 24 oblasts (provinces), one autonomous republic (Crimea), 479 rayons (divisions), and 415 cities. The Republic of Crimea has been granted special status, with considerable autonomy in its internal affairs. The Constitution of Ukraine has defined local governing as a right of a territorial community — residents of a village or a voluntary association of residents of several villages, settlements or a town — to independently decide issues of local significance in compliance with the Constitution and laws of Ukraine. In accordance with Art. 141 of the Constitution, the village, settlement and town Councils have deputies who are elected by residents of a village, settlement or a town on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot, for a term of four years. more…
Legislative power is the prerogative of the Verkhovna Rada (Supreme Council). It is a unicameral body which has 450 directly elected members. Elections have been held in March, April 1993, and March 1998.
Constitutional Court of Ukraine
The Constitutional Court of Ukraine is the only constitutional jurisdiction body in Ukraine whose object is to guarantee the supremacy of the Constitution of Ukraine as the country`s fundamental law in the whole of Ukraine.
Supreme Legal Council
The Chairman of the Supreme Court of Ukraine, the Minister of Justice of Ukraine, the Prosecutor General of Ukraine are, ex officio, members of the Supreme Legal Council.
Office of Public Prosecutor
The Office of Public Prosecutor occupies a separate section in the Constitution of Ukraine with its legal status in the power-sharing system being not yet identified. But in any case, the Office of Public Prosecutor plays an important part in Ukraine`s law-enforcement structure. The bodies of the Office of Public Prosecutor constitute a single centralized system at the head of which is the Prosecutor General, with the subordination of prosecutors of lower rank to those of higher rank.
Courts of Common Jurisdiction
Under Art. 125 of the Constitution of Ukraine, the system of common jurisdiction courts is based on the principles of territory and specialization. While the territorial principle reflects the country`s administrative and territorial division and is traditional, the principle of specialization is comparatively new for the Ukrainian judiciary system (so far, there are arbitration courts and court martials). This means that the Constitution provides for the formation in the future of specialized courts in specific areas of law (criminal, civil, administrative, financial, etc.). Court specialization will doubtless facilitate the effective and objective examination of cases since a judge cannot be a specialist in all types of law. more…