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The members of the Cabinet of Ministers are appointed by the President of Ukraine on the prime minister`s representations. (Art. 114).

In compliance with Art. 116 of the Constitution, the government is vested with the following powers:

1. securing Ukraine`s sovereignty and economic independence, pursuing the country`s home and foreign policies, complying with the Constitution and the laws of Ukraine and decrees of the President of Ukraine;

2. taking action to ensure the rights and freedoms of a human being and a citizen;

3. ensuring the pursuit of financial, price, investment and tax policies; policies in the area of labor and employment of the population, social security , education, science and culture, nature protection, environmental safety and nature management;

4. development and implementation of a national program for Ukraine`s economic, scientific and technological, social and cultural development;

5. providing equal opportunities for the development of all types of ownership; ensuring management of public domain entities as provided by the law;

6. development of a draft law of the State Budget of Ukraine and ensuring the utilization of the State Budget passed by the Verkhovna Rada and submitting a report about its utilization to the Verkhovna Rada;

7. taking action to ensure Ukraine`s defensive capability and national security, public order, and crime prevention;

8. organization and ensuring the pursuit of Ukraine`s foreign economic activity, customs activity;

9. guidance and coordination of the work of ministries and other executive agencies.

In accordance with the Law of Ukraine "On the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine" passed by the Verkhovna Rada on May 5, 1997, the Prime Minister of Ukraine, as the head of the Cabinet of Ministers, is authorized to (Art. 51):

1. direct the work of the Cabinet of Ministers and its Secretariat aimed at implementing the Action Program of the Cabinet of Ministers approved by the Verkhovna Rada, and other tasks assigned to the Cabinet of Ministers;

2. guide, coordinate and supervise the activity of the deputy prime ministers and the ministers of Ukraine, the leaders of other central executive agencies, the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the oblast, Kyiv and Sevastopol city state administrations;

3. make representations to the President of Ukraine about establishment, reorganization and dissolution of ministries, other central executive agencies;

4. present to the President of Ukraine candidatures for Cabinet of Ministers members and make proposals about dismissal of members of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine;

5. submit to the Cabinet of Ministers for consideration candidatures for the positions of leaders of central executive agencies (except the ministries), heads of the oblast, district, Kyiv and Sevastopol city state administrations;

6. submit to the President of Ukraine candidatures approved by the Cabinet of Ministers, for appointment as leaders of central executive agencies (except the ministries), heads of the oblast, district, Kyiv and Sevastopol city state administrations and make proposals as to their dismissal;

7. organize the work of the Cabinet of Ministers and preside over its meetings;

8. enter into relations with governments of other countries, conduct negotiations and sign international treaties of Ukraine as provided by the law;

9. countersign decrees of the President of Ukraine in cases provided by Art.106 of the Constitution of Ukraine;

10. sign acts of the Cabinet of Ministers and issue executive orders of the Prime Minister of Ukraine;

11. participate, ex officio, in the work of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine;

12. determine the duties of Cabinet of Ministers members and provide their coordination;

13. administer disciplinary measures, except dismissal, in relation to Cabinet of Ministers members, leaders of other central executive agencies and their deputies;

14. act as the President of Ukraine in the event of the early termination of his powers as provided by the Constitution of Ukraine;

15. perform other duties as provided by this and other laws of Ukraine, and other functions determined by acts of the President of Ukraine.

In accordance with Art. 52 of the Law of Ukraine "On the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine," First Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine and deputy prime ministers of Ukraine , as deputies of the Prime Minister of Ukraine, shall:

1. develop the strategy and tactics of implementation of the Action Program of the Cabinet of Ministers in the areas of activity they are responsible for;

2. in accordance with their functional responsibilities, guide, coordinate and supervise the work of ministries and other central executive agencies to accomplish objectives under the Action Program of the Cabinet of Ministries and give, on a day-to-day basis, instructions to be carried out by these agencies;

3. preliminarily review and get approvals for drafts of Ukrainian laws and decrees of the President and the Cabinet of Ministries and take action to resolve differences related to them among Cabinet of Ministers members;

4. ensure, in accordance with their functional responsibilities, an interface between the Cabinet of Ministers and the President and the Verkhovna Rada in developing, adopting and implementing regulatory acts, as well as in the daily activity of the Cabinet of Ministers and other executive agencies;

5. run, on the instructions of the President or the Prime Minister, the appropriate advisory bodies (councils, commissions, etc.);

6. on the instructions of the prime minister, represent the Cabinet of Ministers in relations with other agencies and organizations in Ukraine and abroad;

7. based on authority granted under acts of the Cabinet of Ministers, conduct negotiations and sign, for the Cabinet of Ministers, intergovernmental agreements;

8. act for the prime minister in his absence, functioning within the limits determined by the prime minister;

9. discharge other responsibilities as provided by this and other laws of Ukraine, and other functions as provided by decrees of the President and the Cabinet of Ministers and executive orders of the prime minister.

In accordance with Art. 53 of the Law of Ukraine "On the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine," the ministers of Ukraine, as Cabinet of Ministers members, shall:

1. ensure the development and implementation of state policy in the areas they are responsible for;

2. run the appropriate ministries and sectors of public administration;

3. on their own initiative or on the instructions of the Cabinet of Ministers, the prime minister, or a deputy prime minister, prepare issues to be reviewed by the Cabinet of Ministers;

4. participate in reviewing issues at Cabinet of Ministers meetings and make proposals about the agenda of these meetings;

5. on the prime minister`s instructions, represent the Cabinet of Ministers in relations with other agencies and organizations in Ukraine and abroad;

6. based on authority granted by acts of the Cabinet of Ministers or, on its instructions, by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, conduct negotiations and sign, for the Cabinet of Ministers, intergovernmental agreements;

7. discharge other responsibilities as provided by this and other laws of Ukraine, and other functions as provided by decrees of the President and the Cabinet of Ministers and executive orders of the prime minister and instructions of deputy prime ministers.

Under the Law "On the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine," the Cabinet of Ministers is a collective body. It passes decisions following the discussion of issues and voting at its meetings.

The principles of relationships between the Cabinet of Ministers and the supporting service and advisory and auxiliary bodies under the President, are set forth in Art. 35 of the Law. The procedure for maintaining these relationships is also regulated by Presidential decrees. Officials of the Presidential supporting service, the advisory and other auxiliary bodies under the President are not authorized to give instructions to the Cabinet of Ministers and its individual members.

The Law determines the number of posts, which cannot exceed 25, and the structure of the Cabinet where the following posts are provided for: the Prime Minister of Ukraine, First Deputy Prime Minister, three deputy prime ministers, the minister of foreign affairs, the minister of justice, the minister of finance, the minister of defense, the minister of the interior, the ministers of the economy, energy, industry, transport and communications, agriculture and food, social policy and labor, education and science, culture and sports, health, the environment, other (Art. 6).

Under the Law, the Administrative Department of the Cabinet of Ministers is headed by the administrative director of the Cabinet of Ministers who is appointed to and dismissed from office by the Cabinet of Ministers on representations of the prime minister.

The heads of the services of the Administrative Department of the Cabinet are appointed and dismissed by the Cabinet on representations of the administrative director of the Cabinet of Ministers.

The members of the Cabinet of Ministers are entitled to supporting services: the prime minister – up to 25 persons, the deputy prime ministers – up to 15 persons, the ministers – up to 10 persons.

The supporting services are formed by Cabinet members themselves and are subordinate to them. The supporting services of the prime minister, deputy prime ministers and ministers without portfolio are formed within the Administrative Department of the Cabinet and of other ministers, within the appropriate ministries.

Officials of the Administrative Department of the Cabinet are not authorized to give instructions to the ministries of Ukraine.

The Law "On the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine" (Art. 7 and Art. 8) sets the procedure for the nomination and approval of a candidate for the office of the Prime Minister of Ukraine.

Article 7. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine shall review (after consultations with the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada and the leaders of the parliamentary groups and factions) a candidature for the office of the prime minister within at least ten days following the submission.

The President of Ukraine shall present the candidature nominated by him, at a plenary session of the Verkhovna Rada. The candidate for the prime minister`s office makes a key-note address and takes questions from parliamentary deputies.

Voting a decision of the Verkhovna Rada about appointing the President`s candidate as the prime minister shall be on a roll-call basis. The decision shall be considered passed when voted for by a majority of the constitutional composition of the Verkhovna Rada.

Article 8. Should the Verkhovna Rada reject a candidature for the prime minister`s office, the President of Ukraine shall, within seven days following consultations with the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada and the leaders of the parliamentary groups and factions, submit a new candidature to the Verkhovna Rada for consideration.