The Constitutional Court makes decisions and provides conclusions on cases regarding:
· constitutional compliance of laws and other legal acts of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, acts of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, legal acts of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;
· constitutional compliance of effective international treaties of Ukraine or those international treaties which are submitted to the Verkhovna Rada for giving consent to their obligation;
· compliance with the constitutional procedure for the investigation and examination of a case of impeachment of the President of Ukraine as provided by Art. 111 and 151 of the Constitution of Ukraine;
· compliance of bills on amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine, with the appropriate articles of the Constitution;
· the violation by the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea of the Constitution and laws of Ukraine in the event of consideration by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of early termination of the powers of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea;
· official interpretation of the Constitution and laws of Ukraine.
The powers of the Constitutional Court do not apply to issues of the legality of acts of public authorities, the public authorities of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and local governments, as well as to issues coming within the competence of courts of common jurisdiction.
Participating in the formation of the Constitutional Court are all branches of power. The Constitutional Court of Ukraine consists of 18 judges of the Constitutional Court six of which are appointed by the President of Ukraine (after consultations with the prime minister and the minister of justice), six, by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, and six, by a congress of judges of Ukraine.
The status of a judge of the Constitutional Court is defined by the Constitution, the Law “On the Constitutional Court of Ukraine” and some other laws. Appointed as a judge of the Constitutional Court may be a citizen of Ukraine who, by the day of the appointment, is 40 years of age, has a higher legal education, at least ten-year experience of practical, research or academic activity in the field of training, speaks the official language and has been a resident of Ukraine over the past twenty years.
Constitutional Court judges cannot be affiliated with political parties or labor union, have a representative mandate, be involved in any political activity, hold any other paid posts, do any other paid jobs save research, academic or creative.
Constitutional Court judges are appointed for a term of nine years without the right of reappointment.
To organize the activity of the Constitutional Court, the Chairman of the Constitutional Court is elected from among the Constitutional Court members by a special plenary meeting of the Constitutional Court, for a term of three years. Two deputies, as proposed by the Chairman, are elected for a period of three years.
The Constitutional Court has three panels: the panel for examination of constitutional issues; the panel for examination of constitutional appeals, and the mixed panel. A panel is headed by a panel secretary who is elected by a Constitutional Court meeting by voting by show. The standing commissions of the Constitutional Court which are formed from among the Constitutional Court judges at its meeting by voting by show, are the Court`s supporting body. These commissions are as follows: the regulations and ethics commission, the budget and personnel commission, the scientific and information support commission, and the international relations commission.
The Secretariat of the Constitutional Court headed by the secretariat director, is responsible for scientific, specialist and information support of the Court`s activity.
The Secretariat consists of: the legal expert examination department, the service for documentation support of meetings of the panels and the Court, the records and law systematization department, the foreign relations department, the Court`s library and archives, the publishing unit, and the administrative department of the Constitutional Court.
The Court also has a stand-alone unit: the Court`s press service which is headed by press secretary and is subordinate to the Chairman of the Constitutional Court. The Court publishes The Herald of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine.